You may know that smoking is linked to lung cancer… but did you know it can cause up to 16 different types of cancer including pancreatic, kidney, bowel, cervical and ovarian cancers?
Lung cancer was the first major disease to be attributed to cigarette smoking, but since the 1950s and 1960s the number of cancers known to be caused by smoking has grown, with new research confirming an increased risk of many other cancers.
We now know that smoking causes 84 per cent of lung cancers, 73 per cent of laryngeal cancers, 43 per cent of bladder cancers and 28 per cent of kidney cancers in Australian men.
Cigarette smoking also causes 77 per cent of lung cancers, 66 per cent of laryngeal cancers, 36 per cent of bladder cancers and 21 per cent of kidney cancers in Australian women.
Tragically, smoking cuts short the life of about 3,700 Queenslanders each year, and 10 per cent of these deaths are caused by second-hand smoke.
So what can we do about it?
It’s important that our friends and family understand the very real risks of smoking, and that we as a community do everything we can to support current smokers to quit the habit for good.
We’re also working hard to continue our progress on regulation of smoking – as one of the world’s leading nations in this area.
We have asked the State Government to urgently introduce smoke free public places to protect the community from the dangers of smoking and second-hand smoke.
Smoke free spaces at bus stops, taxi ranks, ferry terminals, pedestrian malls and education campuses would also encourage existing smokers to quit, reducing their risk of cancer.
If you, or someone you know, wants to take the step to quit for good – call Quitline on 13 QUIT (13 7848) for help.
The 16 cancers linked to smoking include mouth, nasal, pharyngeal, laryngeal, lung, esophageal, leukemia, liver, stomach, pancreatic, kidney, ureteral, bowel, bladder, ovarian and cervical cancer.
For more information call Cancer Council’s 13 11 20 or go to www.cancerqld.org.au